October 5, 2023 | Terry Smith

What are NHS winter pressures?

As winter approaches, the NHS braces itself for one of its most challenging periods of the year – the winter pressures.

The term “winter pressures” encompasses a range of factors that collectively lead to increased demand on healthcare services. In this article, we will delve into what winter pressures mean, explore the causes behind the increased pressure during this season, and discuss how the NHS tackles these challenges.

ambulance in snow

What are Winter Pressures?

Winter pressures refer to the added strain on healthcare services, particularly hospitals, during the colder months. These pressures manifest in various ways, including increased admissions, longer waiting times, and a higher demand for both acute and primary care. Understanding the causes behind winter pressures is essential to appreciate the complex nature of this issue.


What causes winter pressures?

Several factors contribute to the NHS experiencing higher demands and hospital admissions during winter, including:

  • Seasonal illnesses: The most obvious factor is the rise in respiratory illnesses, such as the flu and common cold, during the winter months. These conditions can affect people of all ages but are especially dangerous for vulnerable populations, such as the elderly and those with underlying health conditions. 
  • Cold weather: Cold temperatures can also exacerbate existing health issues, particularly respiratory and cardiovascular conditions. Falls and accidents are also more common in icy conditions, leading to additional A&E admissions.
  • Bed shortages: The NHS frequently faces bed shortages, and these become more pronounced during winter. Patients requiring admission may experience delays due to limited bed availability, leading to increased pressure on A&E departments.
  • Staffing challenges: The winter months often coincide with higher rates of staff illness, further straining the healthcare workforce. Staff shortages can impact the ability to provide timely care.
  • Social factors: Loneliness and isolation during the winter months can have adverse effects on mental and physical health, leading to increased hospital admissions, especially among the elderly and vulnerable populations during the winter season. 

Related article: Why are NHS Emergency Departments under so much pressure?


What is the NHS doing about winter pressures?

The NHS has developed various strategies to manage and mitigate the impact of winter pressures, including:

  • Winter planning: The NHS undertakes extensive planning to prepare for winter pressures. This includes increasing bed capacity, hiring temporary staff, and ensuring sufficient medical supplies.
  • Increased funding: The government allocates additional funding to the NHS during the winter months to help meet the increased demand. Integrated Care Boards (ICBs) will also often receive an allocation of funding to invest in projects that help reduce the effects of winter pressures, such as taking the burden of falls of emergency services.
  • Vaccination programs: Promoting flu vaccination is a critical component of winter preparedness. Encouraging vulnerable populations to get vaccinated helps reduce the risk of severe respiratory illness. 
  • Community and place-based care: Community-based care services are expanded to provide support for individuals who can be treated at home or in a less acute setting, reducing hospital admissions. Initiatives such as virtual wards and the Hospital-at-Home scheme have been introduced to maximise the level of care patients can receive outside of an acute hospital. 
  • Public awareness: Promoting awareness of the NHS’s services and encouraging people to use the appropriate channels for care, such as calling 111 or visiting a pharmacist for minor ailments, helps alleviate A&E overcrowding. 



Related articles

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How does the Felgains MultiFlow Low-Height Stretcher improve efficiency in emergency departments?

What is early mobilisation? The benefits of early mobilisation in ICU and Hospitals



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